From Researching Virtual Initiatives in Education
For entities in Armenia see Category:Armenia
Partners situated in Armenia
Armenia in a nutshell
Armenia (Armenian: Հայաստան, transliterated: Hayastan), officially the Republic of Armenia (Հայաստանի Հանրապետություն, Hayastani Hanrapetut’yun), is a landlocked mountainous country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. Situated at the juncture of Western Asia and Eastern Europe, it is bordered by Turkey to the west, Georgia to the north, the de facto independent Nagorno-Karabakh Republic and Azerbaijan to the east, and Iran and the Azerbaijan exclave of Nakhchivan to the south.
The population of Armenia is 2.9 million.
Its capital is Yerevan.
A former republic of the Soviet Union, Armenia is a unitary, multiparty, democratic nation-state with an ancient and historic cultural heritage. The Kingdom of Armenia was the first state to adopt Christianity as its religion in the early years of the 4th century (the traditional date is 301). The modern Republic of Armenia recognizes the Armenian Apostolic Church as the national church of Armenia, although the republic has separation of church and state with the Armenian Apostolic Church liable to the laws of the state. The native Armenian name for the country is Hayk’. The name in the Middle Ages was extended to Hayastan, by addition of the Iranian suffix -stan (land). The name has traditionally been derived from Hayk (Հայկ), the legendary patriarch of the Armenians and a great-great-grandson of Noah, who according to historians of the time defeated the Babylonian king Bel in 2492 BC, and established his nation in the Ararat region.
Armenia is a member of more than 40 international organisations, including the United Nations, the Council of Europe, the Asian Development Bank, the Commonwealth of Independent States, the World Trade Organization, the Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation, and La Francophonie. It is a member of the CSTO military alliance, and also participates in NATO's Partnership for Peace (PfP) programme. In 2004 its forces joined KFOR, a NATO-led international force in Kosovo.
It is also an observer member of the Eurasian Economic Community and the Non-Aligned Movement.
Armenia is classified as a country with medium human development and 10.6% of the population live below the international poverty line of US$1.25 a day.
Armenia is divided into ten provinces (marzer, singular marz), with the city (kaghak) of Yerevan (Երևան) having special administrative status as the country's capital. Within each province are communities (hamaynkner, singular hamaynk). Each community is self-governing and consists of one or more settlements (bnakavayrer, singular bnakavayr). Settlements are classified as either towns (kaghakner, singular kaghak) or villages (gyugher, singular gyugh). As of 2007, Armenia includes 915 communities, of which 49 are considered urban and 866 are considered rural. The capital, Yerevan, also has the status of a community. Additionally, Yerevan is divided into twelve semi-autonomous districts.
More information needed on the economy.
Armenia has a population of a little over 2.9 million (July 2009) and is the second most densely populated of the former Soviet republics. There has been a problem of population decline due to elevated levels of emigration after the break-up of the Soviet Union. The rates of emigration and population decline, however, have decreased drastically in the recent years, and a moderate influx of Armenians returning to Armenia have been the main reasons for the trend, which is expected to continue. In fact Armenia is expected to resume its positive population growth by 2010.
Ethnic Armenians make up almost all of the current population.
Armenia has a relatively large diaspora (8 million by some estimates, greatly exceeding the 3 million population of Armenia itself), with communities existing across the globe
The predominant religion in Armenia is Christianity. The roots of the Armenian Church go back to the first century. According to tradition, the Armenian Church was founded by two of Jesus' twelve apostles – Thaddaeus and Bartholomew – who preached Christianity in Armenia between AD 40–60. Because of these two founding apostles, the official name of the Armenian Church is Armenian Apostolic Church. Over 93% of Armenian Christians belong to the Armenian Apostolic Church, a form of Oriental (Non-Chalcedonian) Orthodoxy, which is claimed by some to be a very ritualistic, conservative church.
Armenians have their own distinctive alphabet and language. The alphabet was invented in AD 405 by Saint Mesrob Mashtots and consists of 38 letters, two of which were added during the Cilician period. 96% of the people in the country speak Armenian, while 75% of the population additionally speaks Russian - although English is becoming increasingly popular.
Armenia education policy
Education in Armenia is under the control of the Ministry of Education and Science in Armenia. Its web site is at http://www.edu.am but it is all in Armenian.
Armenia education system - Education in Armenia (schools)
(sourced from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Education_in_Armenia - but note that this is maybe 15 years out of date)
In the early 1990s, as it emerged from the Soviet Union, Armenia made substantial changes to the centralized and regimented Soviet system. Armenian became the dominant language of instruction, and many schools that had taught in Russian closed by the end of 1991. Russian was still widely taught, however, as a second language.
In the 1990-91 school year, the estimated 1,307 primary and secondary schools were attended by 608,800 students. Another seventy specialized secondary institutions had 45,900 students, and 68,400 students were enrolled in a total of ten postsecondary institutions that included universities. In addition, 35 % of eligible children attended preschools.
In the 1988-89 school year, 301 students per 10,000 population were in specialized secondary or higher education, a figure slightly lower than the Soviet average. In 1989 some 58 % of Armenians over age fifteen had completed their secondary education, and 14% had a higher education.
Higher education in Armenia
(this and the following subsections draw only loosely on the article http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Education_in_Armenia (which is very out of date) but also http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Education_in_Armenia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Universities_in_Armenia, http://www.university-directory.eu/Armenia/Armenia.html and independent research on the institutions)
Universities in Armenia
The main university in Armenia was for many years Yerevan State University. Now there are many more.
Universities in Armenia include:
There are several other universities including those listed at http://www.university-directory.eu/Armenia/Armenia.html but their status is not clear. See for example:
Even as long ago as 1992, Armenia's largest institution of higher learning, Yerevan State University, had 18 departments, including ones for social sciences, sciences, and law. Its faculty numbered about 1,300 teachers and its student population about 10,000 students.
Eurasia International University is a private higher education institution established in Yerevan in 1996. In 1997 EIU was fully accredited based on the decision made by the Ministry of Science and Education. Since then EIU was authorized to issue State Diplomas. Starting from September 2007, Eurasia International University has fully conformed to the requirements of Bologna Process.
Polytechnics in Armenia
Higher education reform
The Bologna Process
The Republic of Armenia has confirmed its readiness to join the Bologna Declaration on May 19, 2005.
Case study - Yerevan State University of Architecture and Construction
The following description is drawn from http://www.ysuac.am/data/eng/m04_01.html - note point 7 in particular:
Administration and finance
Armenia HEIs in the information society
Towards the information society
Information society strategy
Virtual Campuses in HE
Interesting Virtual Campus Initiatives
None found so far, though some smaller-scale activities are noted below.
The following appears to be a Virtual School but comes up in lists of universities.
QSI International School of Yerevan (sourced from http://www.qsi.org/arm_home/arm_home.htm)
QSI International School of Yerevan, a private, non-profit institution that opened in September 1995, offers high quality education in the English language for elementary students from three years through 13 years of age (fourteen through seventeen year old classes are a mix of teacher-taught electives and distance learning core courses). The school facility is located in a green area, and occupies 10 large, bright classrooms. There are rooms used for library, computers, offices, music, foreign languages, and multi-purpose. A large playground area and outdoor stage are also available. The entire complex is safely enlosed.
Yerevan State Linguistic University after V. Brusov
At http://www.brusov.am/centres.asp the Computer Centre lists it aims. These include:
All of this points to at least an active interest in e-learning and distance learning.
The page http://www.rau.am/index.php?l=0&l1=1&l2=129 notes distance learning activity in three places:
Among others RAU has concluded an agreement with the Electronic International Business School of Ireland, concerning organization of specialized distance learning courses through RAU. Consensus has been reached with International Institute of Vienna regarding creation on the basis of RAU of “Yerevan” international university, which will in its turn ensure education under MBA programs, as well as will include schools of Diplomacy and Linguistics
The chair of Economics and Finance of RAU, together with the Faculty of Economics of MSU, Academy of National Economy at RF Government and Finance Academy at RF Government, is currently planning development and input in RAU of short- and long-term educational programs, including those using distance learning.
RAU also has agreements on joint activities in the sphere of distance learning with the Russian Academy of State Service adjustment to the President of RF, Institute of Distance Learning of Russian University of Friendship of Nations.
This notes at http://www.arya.am/?action%5Bpage%5D=introduction&lang=en that:
There appears to be much bubbling under the surface but it has not risen yet to "Notable" status.